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Pediatric Dentistry

– WHAT IS IT?

Pediatric dentistry is the area of dentistry that deals with the oral health of babies, children and adolescents.

Its aim is to focus on prevention in order to avoid complications both in the short and long term when the child reaches adulthood.

What harmful habits can compromise permanent teeth?

There are some behaviors that occur in childhood that can later harm the permanent dentition:

  • mouth breathing;
  • excessive use of pacifiers, bottles or thumb sucking after the age of 3.

This last practice can prevent the normal growth of the dental arches and, as such, cause changes in the child’s dental position and facial profile.

When do the first permanent teeth start to appear?

It’s usually around the age of 6 that the first permanent molars start to appear, which come in behind the second deciduous molars. This is even before any teeth fall out.

It is expected that by the age of 14 all the permanent teeth will be in their respective arches, with the exception of wisdom teeth.

Frequently Asked Questions

Since children are a more sensitive group and not always allowed to undergo certain pediatric dentistry treatments, there are cases where it may be necessary to resort to sedation or even general anesthesia, the latter requiring the support of an anesthesiologist.

There is also the possibility of using conscious sedation with nitrous oxide. This type of sedation is characterized by a very low level of consciousness in the patient, so as not to impede the functioning of their airways and their ability to respond to physical and verbal stimuli.

Because children are not always receptive to pediatric dentistry treatments, especially when they are more painful or time-consuming, there is already the possibility of using lasers in some procedures.

In this way, it is possible to avoid the use of unnecessary anesthetics by reducing the levels of noise and vibration that usually frighten children in most treatments.

Sometimes, the appearance of a baby’s first teeth can be associated with certain symptoms, such as

  • gum inflammation;
  • hypersalivation;
  • loss of appetite;
  • change in nutritional habits;
  • anxiety;
  • difficulty sleeping.

To mitigate these effects, it is recommended to clean the mouth with moist gauze. You can also give your baby teethers and/or apply a gel to relieve gum discomfort.

Pediatric Dentistry Team

— Meet the team

Dra. Catarina Gomes

Generalista | Odontopediatria

Dra. Dayana Silva

Reabilitação Oral | Odontopediatria
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